Recently launched by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Mammal Diversity Monitoring Network of Sino Bon (Sino Bon-Mammal) is one key member of the Biodiversity Monitoring Networks of Sino Bon for the monitoring and inventory of terrestrial mammal resources in China. My talk reviews some major advances in terrestrial wildlife observation using camera trapping in China. During the past decades, camera trapping has been used worldwide for species inventory and monitoring of terrestrial vertebrates such as medium- and large-sized mammals and birds. Since 2011, Sino Bon-Mammal launched a camera-trapping network for long-term monitoring of terrestrial vertebrates across China. We developed long-term camera-trapping monitoring protocols, and established CameraData (http://cameradata.ioz.ac.cn) as public database for data management, sharing, collaboration and information services. In addition, Sino Bon-Mammal also organized regular training courses and conferences, and published three special issues about camera trapping data from more than thirty protected areas such as natural reserves. This overview will be helpful for the development of a global observation program of wildlife diversity.